It is chronic decline in lungs function. Pulmonary Fibrosis means scarring of lung’s tissues & is a cause of worsening dyspnoea (shortness of breathing).
Fibrosis is having poor prognosis.
Cause of IPF is unknown.
It mostly occurs in patients in between 50 to 70 years. It mostly occurs with history of cigarette smoking. It occurs more in men than women. In IPF(Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis)more than 200 types of diseases are seen.
ILD (Interstitial Lung Diseases): In ILD the tissue between the air sacks in the lungs is primary sight of injury.
The interstitium, the air spores peripheral air ways & vessels are damaged in ILD.
Histopathology pattern- Usual interstitial Pneumonia (UIP).
*UIP is pathologic counterpart of IPF.
For diagnosis High Resolution Computer Tomography (HRCT) is done.
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